Baby teeth set the foundation for healthy permanent teeth. It is important to keep the teeth clean and teach children to brush and floss.
Dental visits have to be early and frequent to monitor the development of the teeth. The baby teeth serve asspacemaintainers for the permanent teeth.
Our Pediatric Dental Services
We have a comprehensive range of pediatric dental services that includes:
1. Scaling and polishing of teeth:
Cleaning of teeth helps to maintain proper oral hygiene.
Scaling once in 6 months is advisable for all patients.
2. Fluoride application:
Fluoride helps prevent tooth decay by making the tooth more resistant to acid attacks from plaque bacteria and sugars in the mouth.
It also reverses early decay. In children under six years of age, fluoride becomes incorporated into the developing permanent teeth, making it difficult for acids to demineralize the teeth.
Fluoride also helps speed remineralization as well as disrupts acid production in already erupted teeth of both children and adults
3. Space maintainer:
If a primary tooth (baby or milk tooth), has to be removed early due to decay or fracture, a space maintainer may be recommended to keep the space intact for the permanent tooth till it erupts.
If the space is not preserved, the other teeth may drift causing difficulty to the erupting permanent tooth and may lead to crowding of teeth and orthodontic problems.
If it is a front tooth then you don’t need a space maintainer. However, you can place a Pediatric Partial denture to replace the teeth for cosmetic reasons.Now “Spacers” may be in there for a while, but they are not permanent. They are removed when the permanent tooth erupts.
4. Pit and Fissure sealants:
Sealants are a thin coating placed on the biting surfaces of the back teeth to prevent cavities.
This will seal the deep areas(the pits and fissure) which are prone to decay.
5. Filling of milk and adult tooth:
Filling of primary teeth is similar to filling of permanent teeth.
It prevents further decay of the teeth.
It helps the child to eat properly.
6. Serial extraction:
A planned sequence of tooth removal during the transition from primary to permanent dentition to promote eruption of teeth through gingiva and reduce the severity of crowding.
Serial extraction enables proper eruption of permanent tooth into its space where normal eruption fails to achieve it.
7. Habit breaking appliances :
Abnormal habits in children include thumb sucking, finger biting, nail biting, lip biting, mouth breathing, tongue thrusting etc. These appliances are given for such patients to break the habit.
If these habits are continued for a prolonged period of time that can result in gum disease, change in position of teeth and change in shape of the jaws.
Whenever the habit is first noticed it is better to consult a pediatric dentist. He may give suggestions depending upon the habits.
Common cause for these habits: One can probably assume that there may be some kind of psychological disturbance in the child’s mind.
This must be identified and rectified at an earlier stage whenever possible because these kind of things can affect the child’s overall development.
Sometimes the first child starts thumb sucking once the second child is born because of lack of attention.
8. Orthodontic assessment:
Orthodontic assessment starts from the time of eruption of first tooth in the mouth(6 months of age).
OPG has to be taken at 5 years (to diagnose the eruption pathway of permanent dentition).
Parents should be educated regarding the oral habits of the child.
Periodical observation of child’s growth pattern will help to detect the defect in growth of the jaws.
9. Cleft lip correction:
Cleft lip correction is done surgically.
Advantages of cleft lip correction:
Improvement in speech.
Nutritional status is improved.
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