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Neuromuscular Dentistry


Retrieving the whole body posture

The contemporary dental disease has been extended to the joint due to multifactorial cause has defined as stress,mutilated occlusion, improper bite, sleep disorders may lead to change in the jaw position along with asymmetrical usage of muscles may cause spasm and alter the joint position (TMJ) in turn seating of the skull in the cervical vertebrae leading to spasm and pain radiating through neck,shoulder, back, hip muscle and the calf muscle in the leg.   Neuromuscular dentistry ensures and manages the functions of the jaws in correlation with skull positions and orienting the skull positions to the entire body. It is an approach in the dental treatment that focuses on correcting the mal aligned jaws.

Deviations in the position can be due to loss of teeth or an improper bite, otherwise termed as malocclusion plus improper mastication. Improper mastication means chewing or biting only on one side, and that could be either on the left or on the right. Chewing on only one side can lead the teeth to migrate and form cant in the occlusal plane. This leads to uneven pain in the muscles of mastication. These small groups of muscles of mastication, in turn, have a strain on the larger group of muscles that is sternocleidomastoid muscles and trapezius muscles. Thus changing the head posture of an individual leading to neck pain and shoulder pain .Both these large muscles are involved in positioning the skull and the mandibular to the cervical vertebrae.

Changes in postures and disorientation can cause pain in the neck, shoulder, L4, and L5 (center of the body), sciatic muscles, leg, and foot.

Problems in the occlusal table will change the skull position that, in turn, deviate in an uneven muscle transfer on both the right and the left. This will affect the entire human body and their posture. At times, patients will undergo physiotherapy without finalizing the exact problem.

Neuromuscular dentistry deals with correcting the jaw positions, way of biting or chewing. Doctors can help provide coordination between the joints, muscles, teeth orientation by straightening all these occlusal tables and making the patient chew bilaterally. With this, the teeth position will be made stable, and body posture is improved. This has a direct connection with the pain, and while correcting all these, the pain will be reduced.

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If the jaws are not aligned properly, neuromuscular dentistry helps to rectify the causes of the problems precisely. Equipment such as Ultra Low-Frequency Transcutaneous Electrical Neural Stimulation (ULF-TENS),  jaw tracker, and MAT Scan will be used to diagnose the exact problem.

Authored By : Dr. S. Hemamalathi and Dr. K. S Senthil Kumar

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