Temporomandibular joints are a pair of hinge-like joints in front of the ears, that connect the lower jaw to the temporal bone of the skull. It allows the opening and closing movement and the side to side movement of the jaws.
Temporomandibular joint TMJ disorders of temporomandibular disorders TMD can be caused due to problems associated with the jaw joint or the muscles that control jaw movement resulting in pain.
What are the causes of TMD?
TMD pain is due to a combination of many factors like
Signs and symptoms of TMD
How Is TMD Diagnosed?
Smile and glow diagnostic protocol for TMD diagnosis
T-Scan(Digital occlusal analysis)
Almost all dental procedures performed have an impact on occlusion(bite). A bad bite can adversely affect the quality of life of the patient. T-Scan is a device that helps to analyse the bite precisely and reveals the amount and timing of force on individual teeth and the occlusal stability of the overall bite.
Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS)
Ultra low frequency Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation is a technique to relieve pain using an electrical current. Low-voltage electrical impulses are sent to a particular nerve through electrodes placed on the skin.
Functions of the TENS machine
After the muscles are relaxed using the TENS machine, the actual jaw position is recorded.
The expert neuromuscular dentist will take a detailed case history and do a thorough clinical examination. He will check your jaw joints and its movements and find out whether you have pain or tenderness or any clicking or popping sounds when you move them or if there is any lock jaw. He will analyse your facial muscles for any problems and check your bite using a T Scan. Your dentist will take full mouth x-rays, temporomandibular joint views, MRI scan and CT scan.
The expert neuromuscular dentist and orthodontist at Smile and Glow would diagnose your problem and treat it. He will use a ultra low frequency transcutaneous nerve stimulation device (J5 TENS machine-Myomonitor muscle monitor) to relax the muscles in your face in order to relieve muscle strain that results in signs and symptoms. He may treat you using orthotics, braces or restorations to ensure that your teeth, muscles, and joints work harmoniously, thus relieving you of the pain. In some cases surgical treatment may be required.
Most often the neuromuscular disorders are treated by a team of specialists including a neuromuscular orthodontist, physiotherapist, yoga and breathing specialist, ENT, Pulmonologist and a psychologist.Authored By : Dr. S. Hemamalathi and Dr. K. S Senthil Kumar