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Orthodontics


Time to transform the smile

Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that helps to treat a malocclusion. The dentist will help correct the positions and rectify the issue with improper bite. Orthodontic treatment helps to straighten or move the teeth, which enables to improve quality of life including building confidence . It also enables long-term healthy teeth, gums, and jaw joints.

An appropriate and timely treatment could improve the appearance of the teeth and helps in better chewing and speech. It also helps to protect the teeth from further damage or decay. The treatments would include braces and clear aligners.

 

 

Two types of orthodontic braces are labial braces and lingual braces. Labial orthodontics means fixing the brackets on the front surface of the teeth. Whereas, in lingual orthodontics, brackets are fixed inside the teeth. Both the braces are visible.

Usually, the brackets are made from stainless steel or ceramic, which are bonded to the center of the teeth with the help of an adhesive. There would be body temperature controlled wires placed in a slot in the bracket that helps to control movements in all the dimensions. Elastic bands and springs are also used instead of wires to push the teeth apart or to close a gap.

Doctors provide clear or tooth-colored ceramic brackets for patients who wish not to show the braces. And these ceramic braces are more like metal braces but use clear or tooth-colored brackets.  

The invisible orthodontics is suggested for those people who do not want to show any braces, even the tooth-colored ceramic brackets.To the modern CAD-CAm technology, series of splint has been made with minor tooth movement, on sequential wearing of this splint will result in change in the position to get an appealing aesthetic smile. This falls into the category of invisible orthodontics. Invisalign is widely used as patients prefer clear braces more. Clear aligners are deemed to be an alternative to braces for minor corrections.

Usually, people choose invisible braces due to various reasons, such as:

• Misconception about discomfort

• Oral Hygiene maintenance

Usually, the treatment depends on how severe the problem is, and this can take a few months or even one or two years. There are rare scenarios where it would take more than two years. It is recommended to wear retainers after the treatment as it will hold the newly straightened teeth in position while the surrounding gum and bone settles. The retainers  should be fixed.. It is suggested to clean the teeth and aligners thoroughly so that further damage is prevented.

Authored By : Dr. S. Hemamalathi and Dr. K. S Senthil Kumar

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